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Authority, Discipleship, and the Great Commission

written by Asher Intrater
February 08, 2013

In Matthew’s version of the “Great Commission,” there is a profound connection between authority and discipleship. Notice the word authority in verse 18 and disciples in verse 19. Yeshua has authority, therefore we make disciples. Discipleship is a response to Yeshua’s authority.

Matthew 28:18-19
All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations.

The gospel message is an offer of forgiveness and an invitation to eternal life. Yet it is also a declaration of authority. There is no salvation without lordship. The most basic profession of salvation is a profession of lordship. (Romans 10:9 – Whoever confesses with his mouth that Yeshua is Lord… will be saved.) The confession that Yeshua is Lord is essentially a commitment to submit to His authority.

A salvation prayer should include the phrase, “I submit to Yeshua’s authority and commit myself to obey Him.” [Yesterday our evangelist friend, Rachel, brought an Israeli man (40) to our daily prayer meeting for the first time. He heard me teach on this subject, and asked to receive salvation, thank God.]

Yeshua has all authority. The gospel declares that authority. Whoever submits to Him is saved and becomes one of His disciples. To be a disciple is to learn how to walk in submission to His authority.

Yeshua has two kinds of authority. The first is direct, spiritual authority. We have to obey Him directly, as led by the Holy Spirit in our conscience (Romans 2:15, 8:16, 9:1). His word and His holiness are above any man’s opinions. Scriptures define for us His absolute standards of right and wrong.

The second kind of authority is delegated, through other human beings. Direct authority takes precedence over delegated authority, yet we have to respect this second kind of authority as well. The problem is that Yeshua is perfect, while human beings in positions of delegated authority are imperfect and sinful. How can we submit to authority of human beings who are often wrong, or even evil? The process of learning correct attitudes toward authority is a central part of discipleship.

Most human beings have had bad experiences with authority. Many have been hurt and abused by those in authority. Others get offended at any expression of authority. Often people rebel when they should submit, and act selfishly when they do have authority. We need much wisdom from God to sort through all this mess!

Authority must be limited to a sphere or realm with clearly defined boundaries (Luke 23:7, II Corinthians 10:13). A father has authority in his own family, not in someone else’s. A prime minister has authority in his nation, not in another. A kingdom is the realm of authority of a king. It is the “dominion” of a king. It is his king-dominion. All delegated human authority is limited. Only Yeshua’s dominion is unlimited. He has “all” authority in both heaven and earth.

May God heal our hearts from every abuse and bring us to repentance for every rebellion! A balanced and wholesome attitude toward authority is the mark of a true disciple.

Asher serves as president of Tikkun Global family of ministries and congregations, dedicated to the dual restoration of Israel and the Church. He is founder of the Revive Israel five-fold ministry team, and oversees both Ahavat Yeshua and Tiferet Yeshua congregations in Israel.

He and his wife Betty share a passion for personal prayer and devotion, local evangelism and discipleship in Hebrew, and unity of the Body of believers worldwide.

Asher was raised in a conservative Jewish home and holds degrees from Harvard University, Baltimore Hebrew College and Messiah Biblical Institute. He has authored numerous books, tracts and articles.

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